Google Anti Fragmentation Agreement
This investigation resulted in a fine of 4.34 billion euros (about 4.9 billion $US) against the company. Google has appealed the fine, along with two other cartel rulings, but it has made some significant concessions. “In the future, Android partners who want to distribute Google apps will also be able to build non-compatible or forked smartphones and tablets for the European Economic Area,” Wrote Google Android SVP Hiroshi Lockheimer. The pre-CCI information was filed by android smartphone consumers against Google LLC and its Indian subsidiary Google India Pvt Ltd (“Google India”) for abuse of a dominant position. The information said that Android is an open source operating system that can be developed by anyone, and the majority of smartphone and tablet manufacturers in India use the Android operating system in combination with a number of Google`s proprietary apps and services, i.e. Google Mobile Services (GMS). GMS includes a wide range of Google apps, such as Google Maps, Gmail, YouTube, which are only available through GMS and cannot be downloaded separately by device manufacturers, and to install these apps, manufacturers must enter into certain agreements with Google: (a) Mobile Application Distribution Agreement (MADA) and (b) Anti Fragmentation Agreement (AFA). .