European Union Withdrawal Agreement
WARNING that the objective of this agreement is to ensure an orderly exit of the United Kingdom from the EU and Euratom and that the implementation of an EIB growth strategy after withdrawal is not within the scope of this article. IN addition, that in the event of an orderly withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union, a separate protocol from this agreement must also define the specific provisions applicable to Gibraltar, particularly during the transitional period, 8. A subsequent agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom indicates the parts of this protocol that it is taking as a replacement. As soon as a subsequent agreement between the EU and the United Kingdom enters into force after the withdrawal agreement enters into force, this protocol does not apply or is extinguished from the date of the subsequent agreement and in accordance with the provisions of this agreement, which sets out the consequences of that agreement on this Protocol. , which allows the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidance on the framework for a future relationship between the EU and the UK on 23 March 2018. The UK has launched the formal process of withdrawal negotiations by formally announcing the European Council`s intention to leave the EU. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification. The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286.
On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election.  On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. Such an agreement can be obtained by any type of communication. CONSIDERING that an orderly exit from the EU should be ensured with regard to Gibraltar, 2.